Unlike some parts of Columbia, the built environment of South Carolina College escaped the destructive fires of February 1865.  Today the historic heart of the modern University of South Carolina campus survives as a remarkably intact and well-preserved “landscape of slavery.” Union occupation of Columbia brought freedom to thousands of enslaved African Americans in the capital city, including those whose hands had built and maintained South Carolina College.  For a closer look at the role of slaves and slavery in shaping what we now call the Horseshoe, visit the Slavery at South Carolina College website.